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December 29, 2004     Sidney Herald
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December 29, 2004
 

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6A WEDNESDAY, DEC. 29, 2004 Newspaper in education SIDNEY fll WEDNESDA' The coat of arms uses the symbols of a horse for liberty, swords for independence and a wheat sheaf for unity. The first people EXPLORING THE REALMS OF HISTORY, SCIENCE, PARADIS Before the Spanish arrived in the 1500s, a diverse group of native tribes inhabited what is now Venezuela. Each of the tribes developed unique religious and cultural identities. The people of the Andean region were farmers, while the coastal tribes were fierce warriors and skilled sailors. When the Spanish arrived they brought disease, famine and war, which took a huge toll on the natives. Today the indigenous peoples make up about 1 per- cent of the country's population. What's in a name? Venezuela got its name in the 15th centu- ry when Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci discovered the Indians of Guaji- ra. These people lived in houses built " on piles over the water, which caused the explorers to call the region Venezuela ("Lit- tle Venice"). Did you know? Venezuela has had 27 constitutions since 1811. Its present constitution was adopted in 1999. Venezuela has 1,700 miles of Caribbean coastline (2,735 km.). For this reason, fishing, swimming, sailing and scuba diving are popular pastimes. Venezuela has protected 15 percent of its natural environment, more than 54,000 sq. miles (140,000 sq. km.). This area is equivalent to the size of Illi- nois and is larger than England. Cloud forests form at higher altitudes when the condensation of water in the air creates an almost constant layer of clouds over the mountains. Suriname Slm6n Bolfvar known as Bolfvar El Libertador) played a vital role in the fight for independence. NATURE & TECHNOLOGY A brief history The national bird is the turplal and the national flower is the orchid. 1498 Christopher Columbus lands in Venezubla on his third voyage. The Carib, Arawak and Chibcha are some of the native tribes inhabiting the land. 1528-1546 To pay off huge debts, King Charles of Spain leases Venezuela to a German banking group. Christopher Columbus ON EAR.TH 0 15154 rank: of service: 1521 Spain begins to colonize the northeastern coast. Venezuela enjoys a tropical climate, vast and diverse ecosystems, modern cities, beautiful beaches and quaint towns. Once one of the poorest South American countries, Venezuela's fortune changed with the discovery of oil in the In and truc school grad, 1993 Lee and I area: Ik and Mc The national Judy I flag was created Brady by de Miranda in early 20th century. Until the 1970s, Venezuela was the the early 1800s. , .............. ..... Francisco de1 Brady J, largest producer of petroleum in the world. It continues to Miranda served in the}rpenter, .......................... Spanish army and ~0 be a major exporter of petroleum. The country has been fought in the American~8 E. Ave. , and French Revolutior~8457 plagued with social and political unrest for years. Thatched house (churuata) Land regions Venezuela is divided into four main regions: the Maracaibe Basin, the Andean High- lands, the Llanos and the Guiana Highlands. Angel Falls drops 3,212 feet (979 meters) Ma~lbo %'" .....~ ~ ; CarlbbeanSea: : ~ ] Maracaibc Basin Vale ; hlands Pica Bolivar ~'~ t6,411 COLOMBIA Odnoco 2,631 Guiana Highlands But he failed to gain }pard AFB, T support for Venezuelar~311-3468 independence. ~ir Force Airman Is in service: ~'ee months " pation: Egr .,~prentice Just the facts Capital city Caracas Official languageSpanish Area 352,145 sq. miles, ~ school grac (912,050 sq. km.) 12004 2004 population 23,950,000 (estimated) Agricultural products Bananas, beef cattle, chickens, eggs, coffee, rail Manufactured goods Aluminum, petrochemicaF. pig iron, processed foods, refined petroleum, steel Mining Aluminum, coal, iron ore, natural gas, petroleum Money Basic unit: Bolivar nts: Clarenc~ brpenter Idparents: D Irpenter, Squ ~]ene and th~ ,:jgs, Wibau Mkh, Michael 185 The arrow-poison frog can be found in the tropical forests of Venezuela. BROIL Spectacle caiman This small crocodile lives in freshwater lakes and can be found in the Orinoco River and estuaries. ice: ' Art and I The Maracaibo Basin is home to the largest lake in South America, Lake Mara- caibo (5,217 sq. miles, 13,512 sq. kin.). This region is also home to huge petroleum deposits. The Andean Highlands is the most populated area. It consists of mountain ranges and fertile valleys. The Llanos region is known for its large cattle ranges, The Guiana Highlands is the largest of the four regions and boasts the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls. Tropical forests cover much of the south. The region also has rich deposits of bauxite, iron ore and gold. 1700s Venezuela is one of Spain's poorest (also South American colonies. 1730 The Royal Guipuzcoana Company controls all trade in Venezuela. The tiny pigmy owl is known as Pavita in Venezuela and its call is associated with bad luck. 1829-1830 1810 Venezuelan Venezuela1908-1935 patriots seize the secedes Dictator Juan opportunity of from GranVicente Napoleon Bona- Colombia,G6mez is in parte's invasion of becomes power. Spain to declare an indepen- Venezuela independence, dent repub- becomes the lic and world,s lar- 1811 Independence drafts agust exporter act is signed, constitution, of oil. Bird of paradise flowers grow on the slopes of coastal mountains. Frigate birds are marine birds that are frequently seen flying above beaches, 1998 Hugo Chavez is elected President. 1947-1948 R6mulo Gallegos, first democratic leader, is elected. 20O0-2OO4 Strikes and political unrest continue to plague the country. 1749 1819 The first Simbn Bolivar rebellion creates Gran against Colombia, which Spanish includes Venezuela, colonial ruleColombia, Ecuador occurs, and Panama. 1870s 1917 1999 Antonio Guz- Commercial Current man Blanco production of constitution helps rebuild petroleum adopted. the country begins andSevere flood- after years of expands ing causes civil war and throughoutthe death of political unrest, the 1920s. 20,000. Crossword ACROSS 2 National bird of Venezuela 5 Venezuela is a major exporter of this. 7 Official language of Venezuela 8 Tiny owl known as Pavita 9 Kind of forest made of condensed DOWN 1 The ir digenous people of the Andean region were this. 3 Venezuela means "little " 4 This basin is home to the largest lake South America. 6 National flower of Venezuela SOURCES: World Book Encyclopedia, Wodd Book Inc.; Traveler's Venezuela Companion, The Globe Pequot Press; www. venezuela, cam Donna Fra 2004 Triefetdt Studios Inc. Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc. LEARN ALL ABOUT LASERS IN THE NEXT INSTALLMENT OF WORLD OF WONDER For a list of upcoming topics, go to www.comics.com/WoW Community COMMUNICATIONS uinnell Electric Lloyd 776-2345 ,Chuck Sponsored by People and Businesses who care! Denlece Schwab we are your storyl 433-2403 Savage