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November 16, 2016     Sidney Herald
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3B WEDNESDAY, NOV. 19, 2016 Harvest SIDNEY HERALD BY REN|I: JEAN tory, which is available to SIDNEY HE LO producers in North Dakota and can be found online Pulse crops have been at http://plantsciences. helping make the Mon- montana.edu/pulsecropdi- Dak's soil better and better agnosticlab/. over time, but, as with The new lab is having all good things, there can great success helping also be a little bad. Dis- prevent the spread of some ease pressures for pulse serious problems out in crops are rising, and it has the field, Burrows said. become imperative to get a Among these was identi- handle on them. fication of yet a another Montana has started chickpea seed lot that several programs aimed exhibited a strain of Asco- at preventing a number of chyta blight with fungicide diseases from clouding a resistance. bright and prosperous fu- "The seed dealer is not ture for pulse crops. Plant going to sell that, because pathologist Mary Burrows if we had seed with the is at the forefront of these pathogen that is resistant efforts in Montana, and to fungicide and spread was recently in northeast- that all over the state, ern Montana for a crop then we couldn't sell that pest tour. product," she said. "We are Burrows said the state seeing this creep up occa- has hired a breeder for sionally, and so far the seed pulse crops in Montana, dealers are being really and he is none other than good about it." Kevin McPhee, with the Another project that's pulse breeding program at being developed is a quick NDSU. assay for growers, so they He'll be joining the can test their own seeds Montana program in for fungicide resistance January to help develop and get a faster answer. Montana-specific varieties. Right now, it takes the lab His efforts will ultimately about a month to get tho e include northeastern results, because of all the Montana, and by exten- growing time involved. A sion, northwestern North faster method will be very Dakota, since the two have helpful to producers, who such similar climate and need to know those details geology, about their crop as soon as Meanwhile, Montana has possible. also begun a new, regional Montana programs are pulse diagnostic labora- also working to detect Lentils Acreage, Yield, and Production by Counties and Districts, 2014-2015 County 2014 2015 and Planted Harvested Yield Production Planted Harvested Yield Production District Acres Acres Pounds Cwt Acres Acres Pounds Cwt Chouteau ........ 1,600 1,400 1,060 14,800 Glacier ........ 8,600 8,500 460 39,300 Hill ........ 5,300 1,800 560 10,000 Liberty 4,200 3,800 1,050 40,000 9,600 5,200, 580 30,000 Pondera ........ 3,300 2,3001 530 12,100 Other z/ 10,500 8,900 1,340 119,000 10,800 10,000 ! 770 76,800 NORTH CENTRAL 14,700 12t700 1,250 159~,000 39,200 29r2001 630 183,000 Daniels 37,200 30,000 1,420 426,000 45,800 44,900 i 1,230 551,000 Dawson 1,400 1,200 1,830 22,000 ......... Sheridan 44,600 43,600 1,440 626,000 70,700 70,600 1,290 913,000 Valley ........ 24,600 22,9001 1,040 239,000 Other 1/ 25,800 25,500 1,800 458,000 44,400 44,1001 1,030 454,000 NORTHEAST 109,000 100~300 1,530 1,532,000 18S,SO0 lll2fSO0 1~180 2,157f000 Other 11 ........ 2,100 2,100 1,040 21,900 SOUTH CENTRAL ........ 2,100 2,100 1,O40 21,900 OTHER DISTRICT zl ~ "" 6,300 ' ~ 6f~ 1,170 70,000 8f200 8f200 980 80f100 MONTANA 130,000 119,000 1,480 1,761,000 235,000 222,000 1,100 2,442,000 l/CounUes with no acres planted or counUes that are combined into "other~ counties/districts to avoid disclosure of individual information. -- Not available. fungi besides Ascochyta, disease pressures. Other identify what diseases are who face difficulties with including Sclerotinia or areas have had to go to as building up out there. A either weeds or volunteers white mold and Botrytis or many as eight years, butsimilar effort is under way that act as hosts for these grey mold. Both of these she doesn't think that'sin North Dakota. New rec- problem pathogens to are seed borne pathogens, necessary yet. ommendations for longer continue planting resis- Burrows said. A post doc "We saw quite a few rotations could be coming tant varieties whenever student has begun testing wrecks this year," she as a result. Some of thepossible. fungicides against them. said. "We had a lot of late- other issues Burrows sawVomitoxin issues have "We could have some season Ascochyta move induring her pest tour in been a result of increased information within the and way more Sclerotinia, northeastern Montana in-fusarium in the area, Bur- next few years for growers especially in the lentils, clude stripe rust in wheat, rows pointed out. Burrows on what they can use for because we have been prac- which piggybacks on recommends using the full seed to help prevent those ticing tighter rotationsweeds like cheatgrass and range of management op- diseases," she said. with those and it caught up volunteer winter wheat, tions for reducing fusari- With white mold, grow- with us when we had the "We had a bad volunteer um and thus the vomitoxin ers should be careful with favorable environment." situations this year with it causes. That includes their crop rotations, Bur- Daniels and Sheridan the extra moisture," shecrop rotations, fungicide rows said, as canola is also counties in Montana weresaid. "Wheat streak mosaic applications, resistant susceptible to the disease, particularly hard hit with virus and stripe rust are varieties. Publications are Burrows has been white mold, Burrows said. going to continue to be big available from both MSU recommending rotations Surveys are now being concerns." and NDSU to address best of four and five years for conducted in Montana to She is encouraging thosepractices. pulse crops presently, in light of the buildup of "We appreciate your hard work to keep our local economy strong!" MARKET 406-433-2305 www.ReynoldsMarket.com Shops at Fox Run (404 N. Central Ave., Sidney, MT) wv w. fesmt, com Serving you since 1964 CONTACT A SALES PROFESSIONAL AT ANY OF 0UR FOUR LOCATIONS: O JOHN DEERE~ In Glasgow see In Plenb/wood see In Culbertson see In Circle See Mike, Wade, Coe[ or Rob I Jake Mike or Luke Ote or Mike 54275 Hwy 2 East 804 East 1st Ave, 21 West 2nd St. Hwy 290 East Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertkon, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 I " " I I I I