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Sidney Herald
Sidney , Montana
October 17, 1973     Sidney Herald
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October 17, 1973

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4- 't Sidney Herald, Sidney, Mont., Wed., Oct. 17,1973 4" Opinions Mixed blessing Revenue sharing by the Federal government will probably be a mixed blessing. Realization of this fact is probably the reason why the in- dependent business people, voting through the National FederaUon of Independent Business, expressed opposition to the concept which is now the law. According to the reliable Wall Street Journal more than 8,500 governmental units will receive less than anticipated, by as much as 50 per cont. This is all due to a "Joker" that was put into the legislation and which largely escaped public notice. This is the clause which requires the Treasury Department in splitting up the $30 billion over the next five years to ascertain if the government unit, state, cunty, city or town, is levying suf- ficiently high local taxes on its citizenry. In some re0000ects, puts the Federal government in the role of a national board of equalization, with Washington bureaucrats with little knowledge of any locality's situation, making the determination. Veterans Day The atrocities American prisoners of war suffered at the hands of the North Vietnamese sound like something out of a horror film -- not actions one would expect from fellow human beings. But it did happen and, as in wars put, our soldiers performed admirably "under the circumstances. With the POW's return fresh in our minds, along with the memory of others who fought and died/throughout our national history, that we might live, it is right we should make Veterans' Day, Oct. 22, a tribute to their sacrifice. Veterans' Day is a time to let patriotism shine through. Because men and women were willing to meet their country's call, the United States has been able to grow and send its message of freedom across the world. One day out of 365 is not marly enough to express our gratitude to the "American doughboy" for his efforts to preserve the liberty and Con- stltutional rights we enjoy today -- but it's a start. WHY BE BORED By Lillian Taylor Dear Lil, bowl for flowers, candles, candle Can you give me some suggestions for a shower for a friend who is going to be married late this month? I would like to do something different if I can. SHI As surely as fall comes along so do : lots of weddings and showers. So let's think unexpected and start off by : exploring variations on some old themes. And, by the way, why not a i Guys - and - Gala guest list instead of the r only"? It has ! : The kiener has always been  practical and popular. But it's time to give it a new twist. Make it into a. Discovery Shower. Each guest brings  her latest discovery for the kitchen -- it might be anything from floor wax to : imported delicacy. Another party to help equip the ! kitchen -- A- Gadget- I. Coukin't - ;i Live - Without Shower. Just what the i name suggests -- the one kitchen i gadget each guest considers absolutely indispensable. : A Table Shower can inspire a wide variety of gifts -- place mats, napkins, holders, salt shaker, pepper mill, any accessory which makes for a more attractive table. Yes, silver or china if the bride - to - he has chosen a pattern. A Soap Shower can he stretched to inchtde -- besides plain and fancy soaps -- such things as laundry detergent, fabric softener, spray starch, dishwashing detergent, anything that has to do with washing and cleaning. All these tiSs are musts for most new households. For extra laughs, ask each guest to write a "poem" to go with the gift. A Give - a - Party Shower should produce most of the basics for the couple's first party -- fancy paper napkins, coasters, glasses, cork puller, snacks in cam or boxes, makings of hers d'oeuvres (well packaged), bottled beverages. A Cheese Shower -- any fine cheese packaged to keep well, packaged wafers or crackers, cheese board and knife. A Records Shower -- let the couple's preferences be your guide. m Welfare Plan Chamber views on government spending Boycotting the wrong thin By Tim Zent Ask anybody what item in their family's budget is going up faster than any other item. Take the years bet- ween 1967 and the end of 1972, and most t might answer food, others answer housing, while others might er dothl. But according to the government's own data, the cost of food from 1967 to the end of 1972 hal gone up 26 per cont. Meanwhile, the cost of government had gone up more than 50 per cont. Could it be that consmners mtJht be boycotting the wrong thing? FEDERAL SPENDING CLOCK SPEEDS UP As the 1974 fiscal year began July 1, the Chamber of Commerce of the United States announced that its Federal Spending Clock was reset to run at an accelerated pace as federal spending this year is estimated to graphically displays other spending increase by approximately $19 billion, up to $269 billion. Registering ex- penditures of approximately $736 million every 24 hours, the clock also rates. -- $10,000 nearly the average income of a typical American family, every 1.17 seconds. -- $100,000 every 11.7 seconds -- 1,000,O00 every minute and 57 seconds. Your Congressmen and Senators are the people to write if you want to slow the Federal Spending Clock. After all, it's your money they're spending. IT'S YOUR TAXES THEY'RE SPENDING Government growth is not always readily apparent. Columnist William Buckley, for example, said he hadn't realized that railroads were now M y__D_00D y," y_ y Handicapped children By Camilla M. Anderson, M.D. There are many terms in common usage, each of which labels a segment of the children who are a problem within the school systems in our communities. Some labels are euphemistic . like "exceptional children," which suggests outstanding abilities rather than the opposite; or they are non-commital, like "children with learntn disabilities," which mery points up a symptom rather than suggest the total pic'e. It would he much like calling a disability "fever" rather than calling it measles or scarlet fever or whatever it is. The term "developmental disability" has been pretty largely approlxtod by those dealing primarily with retarded children, oven though this designation probably brings a more accurate image to our minds than any other label yet offered. Then there are other labels, such as "perceptily handlcaptl children," "auntie children," retarded or "MR" children, "children with emotional and behavioral handicap," and now "hyperkinetic children," and finally, "children with MBD." It is no wonder that parents and teachers are con- fused. Each group has seen a part of the t. Laws, enacted out of a general concern for children's education, and apad by the clamor of various well meaning pressure groups - none of which has sufficient background or experience to see or understand the total picture - get on the books and must be tmplatod, even though they oer little promise of improving lut of any00dy. Some people believe that special education classes in the schools are an answer to the problem, but written into the law are provisions making special education classes unavailable to any but the classified mentally retarded, and this group is the smallest segment of the whole "learning disabled" group. Neither the presence of counselors nor the inclusion of special education classes in any school, provide adequately for these many children who are problems in our schools. Today's schools are made for tlw smoothly functioning "normal" student. Neither the programs nor the machinery are geared to teach these handicapped children, and most teachers have little or no respectable grounding in needs and potentials of the learning disabled students, even though this group makes up ap- proximately 10 per cent of the student population. Recently I heard a school superintendent extolling the virtues and adequacies of his schools. Then a principal described the poverty of the school programs and the feelings of helplessness of the teachers trying to deal with these students, rap)lauded her courage in telling the facts in an open meeting. A C_sJr'iOn : Russell Wells, Publmher Don Mraehek. Editor , e e Vlrg Bebier, Production Supt. : Dennis Ben, Advertising Manager Off'l NevvsDer of Richland County, Mont Pblishe erv Wedes(m al S*dney. Montan 8usness Office: ! 21 i NOrth Centat Ave 59270 Sub$cipt Rates $600 per ye&r n R ichlnd, Dew$o, R ooevelt an Me Ke ze C tie ] MA'aBNL {, MONTANA ' i PRESS eeeoooeoeooeooooeeoeeeoeeooe eooeeeee  socialized (AMTRAK) until he rode on one. The same thing can happen to health care. In 1965, government paid for per cent of all health care costs. By 1972 it expanded to 38p Congress continues to ddpt private health care when the family civil service exam to Strip minin oppos By Russ Three anti - strip mining speakers were in the area give a shocking presentation to the Girard Local of the Union on the perils of strip mining. Basic assumptions presented by the trio included: -- Mining of coal should he done by the deep (shaft) method. -- Ground disturbed by strip mining is virtually reclaim into productive land again. -- Underground water supplies cannot be restored after disrupted by strip mining. The three speakers included J. W. Bradley of Tennessee, president of the Save Our Cumberland Mountains organisati; Ed Dobson of Bili, associated with the Friends of the F_ Group; and John Redding, an anti-ceal mining rancher from the Sarpy Creak area of Montana. Way back when... OCTOBER 13,1911 We are informed that the steel on the Sidney - Glendive branch has been laid this side of Stipek and that a crew is in Savage working from there on the grade and work in all deparnents is progressing rapidly, which sounds ged and there can he no question now but what the road will reach Savage fall and a good'start made between here and there. F. W. Amsden arrived in Sidney this week from Three Forks, Mont., where the Amsden Lumber Co., operates a lumber yard, and is getting together a force of carpenters to begin work immediately on the erection of a lumber office and double deck sheds on their lots just west of the school house, which they dll stock upas soon astba week on a:ting trip, but was not as fortunate as last year when he killed two deer. He returned with only one half of a deer which his partner killed. OCTOBER 11,1Mi4 Dale Elletson, son of Mr. and Mrs. Adney Eiletscn, was able to leave the hospital Sunday after having had his appendix removed 10 days previously. Gil Johnson of the Marshall Wells Hardware Company, was over from Williston Monday calling on customers in Sidney and visiting with his brothers, George and Carl Johnson of the Johnson Hardware Company. Noel Carrlco was in from Glendive on Montana Power Co. business. Every comes to town he waxes over and this exception only more accentuated. "Your fruit and garden truck -- people in this valley are of the worldt" he exciatm "Lucky George" town the first of the week horse ranch on Bennie McKenzle County. He is time ranchers of this territoeY to all the old Umers, and 1 descendant of General commanded Britbh forces in before and during the of00a m.y pretty evening, SOpL 26, when Weagel and Charles united in marriage at 'a service. Rev. J. D. Smith beautiful ring presence of the immediate the bride and brldegrom The Albert Lalonde struction crew is week where they have a eight miles of grading and Wibaux. The Bert O'Nell Jones family went crow and will be in Baker sets in. Youth and the 1972 Social Security Act want ill the war years of a worker. Although originally referred to as mranco,  prem ba  since been abandoned. Actually, there was ,never any aspects of a bona.fide in- surance plan connected with the act. While the system promised a modest income to those who retired from covered employment at the age of 65, a "hook" was written into the law which still romkins. Limits are prodded for the amount of income a senior citizen can earn in employment after the age 65 without sacrificing part or all of the Social Security benefits. Up until this year this limit was $I,0 per year, but this is now being boosted to ,I00 per year. On the other hand, retired persons enjoying an unlhnited income from dividends, ren, or other sources not connected with employment suffer no sacrifice in the amount of benefits they receive out of the fund. This cku discrimination seems to he a permanently built, in feature of the law. Unlike vate, tea-flde operations, it was stipulated that the resme funds could not be invested in private investments, but could only he invested in government securities. The records show that for the most part these reserves have long been invested In the lowest yielding government securities such as those which finance cooparative business, and slmflar projects. Thus, as inflation created a rise in value of private investments, Soclal Security reserves bay not bean able to benefit by this upward movemL At the same time, the koa(k of Inflatm bay continually  the  pewor  the SOcI Seeuty benem:huy. While the arsuxmmt at the tln throw too much money into the security market, there is a strong belief that the prime reason was to improve the cash position of the government. And while constant reference is made to a "trust fund," in actuality, R is somewhat similar to shifting money from one pocket to the other. This so. caned "trust fund" has never been maintained as a separate entity, but been borrowed by the Federal government, and has thus been spent, creating the need to raise new money to pay the benefits. In the Johnson Administration pretense was dropped when for the purpose of an announced "sim- plification of bookkeeping" the Social Security tax income, and payments are thrown into the general Federal budget. The parson who reaches the age 65 around the start of 1973 is really get- tlng one of the biggest bargains ever offered. Assuming this person has paid the maximum tax over the past 26 years, or $4,.26, at the current benefit payment of 69.70 per month, he will have that money back in less than 18 months and even figuring the equal amount paid by his employer, he will have rega0000 the entire employee 0000n00oyer tax paid during years in less than three years. But it is a far different story for the year old person who begins making the maximum taxable wage or salary with the start of 1973. It is quite podble that he will have to live to the age of 143 to get back the taxes that he and his employer have paid. This is where the escalation clause passed in 1972 becomes a factor. It is provided that any time the cost of As the year 1933 dawned, with a new administration elected, there was an auca of uncertainty over what the future would bring. It developed that 1933 was to usher in some developments that were to completely change the socio economic course of the nation. A recitation of these changes would be long and involved, but one of the en- suing developments was the enact- ent of the Social Security Act. While the beginning of 1973 is against a far different background, of major concern is the future of the Social Security System. The Congress that ended its work in 72 in reality so restructured the original aim and intent ct the act to the extent that it M no longer called Social Security. Instead, it should now he termed something such as the National Teifare Plan. Or from another point of view, Social .-urity should I'hal he comd_,red ; as a flat rate income ta added to the aire,dy existing progressive income tax It may take some me before the  bulk of the public realizes what was lone with the Social Security Act. But before enlarging on this area, it is ; perhaps well to state brtefly some of  the outs points. 1. Starting in 1973, payroll deduc- tions for most employes witl Jump 12.5 per cent, and for those earning up to i ,10,00 in lm the amount to 35 per cent, with anotSor jump in 1974. 2. Durt the t - year tory of i the act,/he most that anyone paid into l the fund was $4,m.S0. In the next six yws the tctal tax levied will equal the total Hsoued In thaso 33 years. 3, Under the provlalo of the new today's younger workers reach the age of 65 they canbe paying a tax of more than $4,800 par year, with an equal amount paid by the employer. 4. The Social Security, or National Welfare Act, whichever term is more accurate, will have a revenue and outgo in 1973 somewhere around ! billion, or more than 20 per cent of the Federal $ bill/on dollar spending limit it is hoped to achieve. In 1866, the take from payroll taxes was 1 billion. 5. Due to an automatic cost of living increase built into the revised law, accompanied by an increase in the wage base subject to the tax, no one can actually predict with certainty where the tax will end. For today's worker, aged 25, his total tax could run as l_gh as ,000 in the next 40 years, with the empleyer being mummed an equal amount for a total of $170,000. 6. It can now be estimated that in 1973 the nation's independent business firms will he pa, from 2 to 3 billion dollars more in this payroll tax. 7. The system, instead of nudn. raining a year,s resorves in the fund, is now to be cut down to a nine month reserve on what is known as the "pay. as - yOU - go" concopL Whether or not the system can en- dure furnishes room for speculation. To understand the radical changes that have been made in the Social Security system, it is perhaps necessary to review its history. In the depression - plagued 30's, the late Dr. Townsend, a retired physician, was creating a power political movement with his Townsend plan. which would have levied a national sales tax to provide citizens with an income of  per month.  Congress and the administration reacted to this prem by acting the retired worker will automatically increase. As this happens, then the amount of wages or salaries on which the tax will he collected from both the employe and employer will be raised. Over the past years the annual rate of inflation has exceeded three per cent, and if the future coptinues what seems to he an established fact of life, the young worker and his employer will over the next 40 years each pay ,000 into the fund, for a total of $170,000. This money, earning interest as collected at five per cent per year would create a fund of $376,650. The current Federal tables show the maximum payment anticipated is $404.50 per month, which would require 78 years of payments to equal Or, today's 26 year old worker, 40 years from now, and assuming the same life expectancy, would have to receive some $4,400 per month to equal the taxes collected, plus a reasmmble interest. There are several interesting possibilities in the future that may be created by this revampad Social Security, or National Welfare, program. Inflation may Jump much faster. It is often overlooked that payroll taxes  are the same as wages from the standpoint of computing costs. Thus, as the tax increases, so do prices, but not In the same proportl0n This k due to the fact that as in- creased corn are paued on, they are subject to pyramiding by markups. The intensity of the premre, of course, depends on what is required for the fLeied product. A good example is tiw auto manufacturer with more than 26,000 suppllsrs. Each supplier, marking .up his item to reflect the  corn pins the markup pereentagu, can result in corn of uu00nomicaL 0000-uons,by the t/me that car is delivered to the buys. It is also possible that the people may bring halt the program. R has determined in the Supreme Court that interest held by anyone in the Congress can repeal the program at any time. As the United States fuce competitive market abroad, possible it may at some reach a decision to employer part of the assess all costa alnst It heen many that the employer went into a "trust employe, several years publication of the Association, Ccmmission that the employer taxe credited to any employ. employer tax is strictly a i giv00 no emp00 any in these amounts. Thus, as 1973 nears an question mark looms on What is the future of security program, if called a program, methodical procedure, from the improvisations marked Soclal SocurRy In t years. t00mUy e,c00ang been an hierarchy in the labor But as evtde'ed in months, in the labor is dissension hugely the dlssutisfacti of unlon memher. When the, workers find more und more ' of their paychecks, and what is left buys soveral trends could This makes for specukti. law, wh/ch provides for escakt/onof Social Seourity which was hafled as an against investing these reserves in livinglndexexcoedsthreeparcontina  the tax  hy the  some of insurancoplanforprctectionfrcmdke teinveetmtewasthatltwould year, the amount of the heneflt pald