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Sidney Herald
Sidney , Montana
September 29, 1971     Sidney Herald
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September 29, 1971

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2-The Sidney Herald, Sidney, Mont., Wednesday, Sept. 29, 1971 =- Opinions =- THE&apos;WELFARE OF POVERTY Will poverty ever cease to be a problem, and will welfare ever be brought under control? These are questions that more and more people are asking as the taxpayer's burden of support countless aid and training pro- grams becomes l'avier year after year. Two decades of unpre- cedented prosperity have been accompanied by the switch of a steadily growing proportion of the population fromthe ranks of pro- ducers and taxpayers to the ranks of dependents. A lengthy feature story on the subject in U. S. News and World Report shows how dramatic tids switch has been and how it has ccmtinuod despite all the political promises to end poverty and in spite of federal, state and local aid schemesof the most elaborate and far - reaching kind. Ma people are wondering whether the problem ot poverty has any selutton. For some fottrdeeadeg, uncountedbillionsofdollarshave poured out of public treasuries in payments and services to "uplift" the poor in the United Staies. And, asU. S. News reports, since 1950 -- a period of growth ml prosperity -- welfare rolls have soared. In 1950, 6.2 million persons were receiving welfare assistance at a cost of $2.5 billing. Today, 14.4 million people are on the relief rolls, and expenditures are about $18 billion annually. Direct expenditures for welfare are but part of the story. Additional billions have been spent by all levels of government on education, counseling, job training and community improvements-- all programs designed to end poverty. However, like the dream of eternal youth, the dream of ending poverty is elusive. Page after page of the U. S. News article lsde- voted to recounting the discouragi failure of public schemes and lngrams too numberous to mention. As tbe.cost of these pro- grams has soared, the problem of growing dependency on the insti- of welfarism has mulfiplied. More than that, so far as poverty is concerned, the definition ot the word changes with the rlsin8 affluence of the society as a whole, At eve time, poverty was defined as applying OIY to the "destitute" - which meant people without the essentials of sur- vival, Later, the definition was changed to include those suffering "hardship" -- insuf_fleient food, clothing and shelter. Then, their failure to obtain medical attention in an emergency was also includ- ed under the heading Of poverty. Currently, the term poverty strick- en is defined to include all of those living in "deprivation" or "disadvantage." In other words, poverty is not an absolute. It is measured in terms v[ the atfluence of others. As one economist observes of the phenomenon of poverty: "In an affluent society, people are willing to devote lm'ger and larger sums of money to programs which they hope will alleviate the misery of the poor. In the process, there is a ptmblie demand by those in poverty that builds up lethe supply. Poverty pursues society like a shadow following e running BI 'j Marff people feel today that the shad is catching up with us. Their belief is reinforced by the tendency to accept welfare as a respectable means o survival, even to te point of organizing to demand more liberal sharing of the fruits of those wile work. welfare recipients now beinng to a national movement in quest of bigger and better benefits for themselves. The next question that must be faced isthis. When dons the war on poverty become indistinguishable from the communist dogma of sharing in accordance withneed?Whendoesthe war on poverty, led by the good and generous citizens of the cottry, become a social and political revolution led by those who wt to destroy a sstem and take the fruits of other men's labor? I BELIEVE I believe in the supreme worth of the individual and in his right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. I believe that every right implies a responsibility; every for the laW; that government is the secant of the people' and not th@tfiaster. i believe in the dignity of labor, whether with head or hand; that the world owes no man a living but that it owes every man an opportunity to make "a living. I believe that thrift is essential to well ordered living and that economy is a prime requisite of a sound finan- cial structure, whether in government, business or per- sonal affairs. l believe that truth and justice are fundamental to an enduring social order. I believe in the sacredness of a promise, that a man's word should be as good as his bond; that character-not wealth or power or position-is of supreme worth. 1 believe that the rendering of useful service is the common duty of mankind and that only in the purify- ing fire of sacrifice is the dross of selfishness consumed and the greatness of the human soul set free. l believe in an all-wise and aIl-Iving God, named by whatever name, and that the individual's highest fulfill- and widest usefulness are to be in harmony with His will. l believe that love is the greatest thins in the world; that it alone can overcome hate; that right can and will triumph over might. -John D, Rockefeller Jr. CAN YOU COMPLY? of leSis- ever had to is what lsi- t the' IIW i and of 1970. mative SessiOa whh g ev- eryone who of tara Chamber of Cmmneree g.=e a sm stoat ton on .he t More e of self - evaluabon in your nmint pele use vohmty rganization - lmlvrgt There are ehtpnges ment. Joe Berry, Past Preal- of staJwds on ladders.) 2) Me than two dozen new $1000 a day.., complete shut- down of your business,., im- prlsonmen0. The survival oyox bness may depend on your knowl of lids clex new law. The Sidney Chamber at Commee, in order to help our members understand the new law fully, would like to offer a short course of video tapes produced by the National Chamber of Commerce to its members, But the four part tape set costs $75.00. We need your help in financing this non-budgeted item. If yon are interested in helping sponsor this program, please co.act the chamber Of- flee as gon as possible. M.A.C.E. MEETING The fall meeting of the Men- As$oiati of Chamber in ])zeman was a very in[or- dent of the bozeman Chamber of Commerce spoke on the sub- ject of "The Chamber Execu- tive in the EYes of tbe Velum- reef." Mr. Berry's first com- ment was "i don't elwy yOU, your pos/tion." Mr. BerrY em- ghasized that in his eyes as a volunteer, our main respon bIltty is to find the leadership tolead the community to suc- cess. Mr. George Reltemeler, General aner Of the Spokane Chamber of Commerce gave two great presentations, one, onthe value of orientation to maintain e in our organization. MRemeier's other presen- was concerned with "unteafions and Pabliea- lion" in a Clfffihber of Com- merce. Alo Jack Bailey, Man- ager, - Northwest Division, Chamber of Conmuree of the Work Promotion." All in all it was a meeUng that provided num prar.ttcal tips that I cmuw to m th Sidney Chamber of commerce a more effective Hunt, Fish, But Conserve BY HARRY CORKY looking for their long-handled is determined, to a large ex- Soil ConservationService underwear, tent, by the fertility of the Jack's wand also marks the soil. Jack Frost waves his magic end of one harvest season and But how many hunters- and wand and our world is trans- the beginning of another. Farm- fishermen -- realize the im- formed, ers and ranchers have their portance of soil conservation Tomatoes and flowers turn grain cut, their hay baled and in filling their creels and lock- belly-up. Trees and bushes their spuds dug. But the hunter ors with the fruits of their make llke rainbows. Birds, who has just begun the annual hat- efforts? have been blissfully hapw all vest of our crop of wildlife. Soil erosion is one of wild- summer, develop itchy feet as Wildlife -- the deer and elk life's most potent enemies. It their migrating juice starts to and pheasant and duck -- like destroys the bed and board churn. They yearn for the South- corn and alfalfa and wheat and of birds, animals and fish. land. beets, ,is the product of the Land animals depend upon And two-logged critters start land -- and of our soil, The vegetation which the land can rummaging in bureau drawers size and health of the crop support. Books On Western Americana By BELVINA W. BERTINO fives were set [ree. the coast to find a berth at HERE COMES THE POLLY, The "Politkofsky" became Port Madison on the Puget a biography of a Russian - the property  the U. S. gee- Sound until resold once more built gunboat, by Ethel Aeder- ernmem until sold, three years at auction. son Becker. Photos by Hess, after acquisition, to a commer- Its best days over, it was Curtis and Now,zll, famous ciai company who took her to idle much of the time until Northwest and Alaska photos- California, sold her solid cop- the Alaska gold rush of 1897 raphers. 128 pp. Superior Pub- per boilers for $21,000 - for when it was used as a coal lishing Company. 1971. a profit of $5,000 over what the carrier to fuel oher boats up "Here Comes The Polly" entire boat cost. /he coast to Nome, Alaska. deals with the early history of "The Polly" was again sold Now it is premanently beacb- Alaska, from Russian occupa- and converted into a tow ,boat ed at Novae in the "shadow of fion until the gold rush days at -- its cannons stowed in its the church where hung the ikon the tern of the century. Using hold -- and was taken hack up and sacred bells." the historic ship, "Politkof- Mrs. Becker, author of "A sky," bailt by the Russians at Treasury of Aaskanan,'" has Alask00 1861, Reward OIlJllO;*""S spent much of her life in Alas- el Reeker follows its fortunes ka and knows the subject thor- through the next 40years, skill- For Cattlemen hly She has a most delight- fully weaving in the history of ful storyteller technique and the American Pacific coastline With cattle thefts oa a steady brings in the "pig war" of 1857- [rom California to Seattle and increase, the Montana Stock- 72, which started when an En- ending once again in Alaska. growers Association now of- glishman's pig was shot by an The "PolJtkofsky" boasted fers a new reward sign for American when said pig dug up six cannons andwasusedtopro- rancher members, the American's potatoes.inset- tect the interests of the Rus- The Association Executive tling the dispute, a firm boon- sian - American fur operations. Secretary, Mons Teigen of Hel- dary was set between the U. S. The Russians also established ena, says the new sign, printed and Canada. Mrs. Reeker also Fort Ross, 30 miles north of on yellow fluorescent vinyl im- describes the early beginnings San Francisco, calif, preg!:ated nylon, is much more of the city of Seattle, Indian While the early Russians in noticeable and durable than the troubles and growth of the lum- Alaska built churches with re- pre.ent red signs, her and fishing industries. markably clear sounding :reigen also reminds mere- Inchded in "Here Comes The chimes that charmed .th na- that the MSGA will pay a Polly" is MJ-S. Becker's his- fives, they were extremely ..1,000 reward for the arrest torically important collection cruel to the natives wham they and conviction of a cattle thief of photographs at E. A Hess, .enslaved and oftentimes star, v- and a $250 reward for the at- Asahel Curtis and F. H. Nowell I; taking the fish and game rest and conviction of anyone who followed migration from S -- they wore forccd to catch to killing or maiming a members attle to Nome, into the Russian sell, leaving the natives hungry livestock, churches and Aleut skin tents, and unable to fend for them- The new fluorescent signs gold diggings and ships bring- selves. After tl Civil W'x, are available for 75 cents each ins passerters ashore at Nome. the United States purchased and will be mailed from the Here Comes The PollylMake Alaska from Russia and the na- bISGA office in Helena. her welcome in your home. Soil which is carried into streams, rivers and farm ponds destroys the habitat of swim- ruing critters. Desirable spec- ies of fish do not thrive in silted streams. Marshes, ponds and reservoirs located in areas of severe soil ero- sion are soon filled with erod- ing soil The homes of musk- rats, waterfowl and shore birds are destroyed. This loss of topsoil and the reduction of soil fertility caus- ed by erosion adversely affects wildlife populations. Poor soil will not produce a good crop of grain or an abundant crop of healthy birds and animals. Wildlife is a lot like you or I as far as food is concerned. In order to grow big and strong; they have to have good, power- packed vittles. The value of their food -- like ours -- is measured by the nutrients which it contains- the proteins, vitamins and minerals neces- sary to substain life. The number of animals in an area and the size of individuals reflects the fertility of the soil on which they live. Wildlife living on poor soils will be less numerous and scrawnier than wildlife cavorting on good soils. Ponds and streams, whose waters drain from poor land, produce smaller fish aud less pounds of fish per acre than those draining from fertile soils. Ask any rabbit, duck, moose or coon what they need in order to live. They'll all give you the same answer. "We gotta have food, cover and water," they'll chorus. These three things must be provided or wildlife will not exist on a farm or ranch. Two of these -- food and cover-- are provided by the vegetation on the soil. Vegetation is the home of wildlife. Almost every practice that helps to protect the soil and conserve its fertiliLv also im- proves food and cover for birds and animals. A good soil conservation pro- gram is a natural waY of pro- viding wildlife habitat -- and improving hunting and fishing. * R The T', by Jaekie Two interesting pieces of eorres week. The first is a proclamation from proclaiming this as National Highway Week. For the benefit of you Richland proclamation reads, in part; "WHEREAS, R has been shown t of through penses, time property values, industrial, development; and WHEREAS, The engaged in an grade its highway needs of its growing It became clear paragraph that intended for us! So, I changed the last sentence wldC this; . . . "and urge all citizens of the this time the vital role of highways in their thusly; "and urge all citizens of this proclamation another dose of blarney goofy thing accordingly." So much for National Fghway Week[ The second bit of mail was sent to president of the Sidney Chamber of none other than that elusive butterfly Highway Engineer. He says he will be in the eastern end in October. (goody). And he happily goes a number of items to look at, whether or much time with any group will Yes, indeedy. From that, we gather terested in hearing folks. Chittim did add a hopeful note; ,,you contact you when I finalize my trip to State." Maybe that means he's going to Well, as the proclamation said, need for better highways of adequate increasing traffic demands .requires the port of all our citizens." Mr. Chittim, sir . . . we heartily urge elamation BEFORE you come eastward "Ho I have hereunto set my hand and would The State of Montana to he affixed, sir, to MACHAY, IDAHO, MINER: ,,Notidg success, or so it seems, h ed for reasonable pay they were prngres for industry to lead the world. Now a year plus, they seem to be on the protect their fabulous pay. But got their 41 per cent pay hike, they have tent programs, national defense, Russia power;, space pregram, here, too, supersonic transports, England, France this lead from us. I dO not know of parade, except in the pay of the national if I were drawing $42,500 plus a year, to being No. 2, maybe even six or ,, SACRAMENTO, CALIF., Vl The student was trying to display his can't lie', he declared. in 12days, 12mencanbuilditin one daY.' 'Then 288 men can build il in one hour, 1,036,809 in one second.' While the teacher went on: 'And if one ship can days, five ships can cross it in one they?' ' SWEET HOME, ORE., NEW ERA "" the ecologists had their way and all kinds .- coal or nuclear future . . . it wouldn't take energy supply to operate any hold items that are considered balance between need just to stay turn our backs on everything that Environment is great, but we somewhat in the manner to which we Personally we don't mind a little as the lights don't go out too soon." Way Back Harry KennedY' s sprain is getfing A drizzling rain began failing eral hours. Doesn't look like a dry ye If a man is honest he doesn't advertise the fact. I1 For yard cleaning and gravel hauling, May 24, 1934 A number of Pete Pistocco's Melby home last Saturday evening casion being his birthday, s Miss Jerry Moses will spend the eapolis. Mark Fawcett will take a course at and, at Missoula. Mrs. Carlo Basso had cent operation to return to her Mrs. Cad Cummings and baby Wednesday, from the April 5, 1956 Grandpa's Boy By Brad Anderson : Officai Newspeper of every Wednesday at Sidney, Montar. FRo'rPIEl ( [LA/gP POi EVERYTHING AN' _ sui.o . $6.00 per year J. Ri (' LITr'LE IICE] HE' ee $9.50ln Forei Countrk'_? $6.50EbewherebIMont_ ". 15 Omt for  ''.,. )"rA "r l HE Stcond class postage paid st oooooeeoeeeeees THOSE WERE THE DAYS By ART BEEMAN Mr. and Mrs. John Rufatto and "" F0"NO NEVE R W,.. ,''J4 lltl II at the Lers O'Conner home at 9uxMr. and Mrs. Fred Whiteman THOSE . : LET YOU ORI< O_.O_.'fi, ..  "b Easter Sunday.- . --  CAN UPPORT .'"I--' v Bobble Candee had his tonsils WERE pital w00sday. .  , : Mr. and MrS. Jack Hatter ana T H E " callers at the Ray Macik home. OOOOOOOOOOOOeOOOOOeO 0@@@@@@ VIRG BOEHLER,