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Sidney Herald
Sidney , Montana
August 23, 1972     Sidney Herald
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August 23, 1972

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Series On Comprehensive Study Economy of The Area FAMILY INCC,iE DISTRIBUTION Following is an estimate of family annual income distribution in Richland County based on 1969 effective buying income. A chart comparing this with Montana is shown below. Family Income By Grou ps .ooo \\;""\ ,.,. / Richlond County Seventy - one per cent of the families in the County have annual incomes of less than $8,000 per year in 19. Forty - four per cent of the families in Richland County have incomes of less than $5,000 per year. Richland County ranks 34th in the State in this regard. Lower family and lower per capita income in County than many other Montana and out-of-state areas is a major factor en- caraging graduating youth to migrate away from the area and this is also a factor retarding migration into the County. The addition of new higher paying jobs in the area appears to be the best way of raising the family income. EC)NOMIC ANAI,YSIS The following discussion concerns the dollar value impact to the economy of Sidney and Richland County of various selected industrial groups. Data is the most recent, available from the U. S. Bureau of Census, the Family Income Group Percent of Families 0 to $2,999 27 per cent $3,000 to $4,999 17 per cent $5,000 to $7,999 27 per cent $8,000 to $9,999 13 per cent Over $I0,000 16 per cent Distribution - 1969 L2" 212& I,.ooo- ,o,ooo/0000ooo- -oo I ',,, "'V" "q"" / Montana Montana State Department of Planning and Economic Development, and field ob- servations. The data is not for the same years in all cases, but still provides a general evaluation of the area's economy. 1e largest economic activity in the area, from the viewpoint of dollar volume of business, is that of retail trade. The following tables summarize the retail business activity by type for 1958 and 196 in Sidney and Riehland County. TABI,E I I{ICII,AND COUNTY RETAIL TRADE Type of Number of llusiness Establishments 1958 1967 Bldg, nmteriam, hdwre, farm equipment 29 17 Genl. mer- ehndse. 8 4 Volume of Sales ($1,000's) 1958 1967 $4,267 $4,565 1,375 1,194 Food stores 13 11 3,448" 3,746 Auto dealers 8 6 2,624 4,190 ( ;asoline stn- s. 14 13 683 1,461 Apparel stores 4 7 271 374 Furn. & frn- shgs. 12 7 615 414 Eating & dr- nkng. :13 24 1,062 1,074 I)rug & Propriety 8 2 495 N.A. Other 15 18 888 990 Totals 144 109 $15,728 $19,048 N.A. -- Data not available. TABLE II SIDNEY RETAIL TRADE Number of Volume of Sales Type of Establishments ($1,000's) Business 1956 1967 1958 1967 Bldg. materials hdwre, farm equipment 12 13 $2,553 $3,454 Gen. Merchndse. 3 5 1,264 N.A. Food stores 5 5 2,513 3,014 Auto dealers 5 6 N.A. N.A. Gasoline stns. 9 6 487 N.A. Apparel stores 7 2 N.A. N.A. Furn. & frnshgs. 5 10 N.A. N.A. Eating & drnkng. 12 14 409 713 Drug and Propriety 2 5 N.A. N.A. Other 15 12 N.A. N.A. Totals 75 78 $11,255 $16,024 N.A. -- Data not available. The number of retail businesses in Richland County decreased by 35 in the nine year period, mostly outside the Sidney area. The cash volume of retail sales in the County rose 21 per cent in the nine year period and in- creased by 42 per cent in Sidney. Most of the change appears due to sharply increased local buying by residents of the greater Sidney area and the capture of retail trade from nearby competing centers such as Williston and Glendive. Inflation probably accounts for about 15 per cent of the growth. The "net real growth" in the Sidney area of 27 per cent is still very significant. AGRICUI,TURE Ranking second in dollar volume of business is agriculture. While second in dollar volume, agriculture is the greatest im- portance to the economy of the Sidney area. More dollars spent on agriculture stay in the area than in most other businesses. These dollars are largely spent for food, clothing, equipment, seed, fuel, fertilizer, feed and other items largely purchased in the area. The economic multiplier for dollars spent in agriculture is difficult to determine. However, it is estimated to be almost twice that of most businesses. Crops and livestock are of nearly equal importance, with livestock sales in 1969 amounting to $7,244,700 and crop sales totaling $7,469,000. Government payments to farmers contributed an additional $3,140,000 to produce a total income from agriculture Crops and livestock are of nearly equal importance, with livestock sales in 1969 amounting to $7,244,700 and crop sales totaling $7,469,000. Government payments to farmers contributed an additional $3,140,000 to produce a total income from agriculture of $17,853,700. Agricultural income would be considerably less significant to the corn. munity were it not for the Yellowstone Irrigation Project. The value of crop production on land served by this facility was $3,905,100 in 1969, or $124 per irrigated acre. As a comparison, non-irrigated cropland yielded $5,823,000 but at only $29 per acre during the same year in Richland County. storewide, agriculture ranks third in im- portance from a gross receipts point of view behind government and retail sales.. Agriculture provides abont 11 per cent of total state personal income. Agriculture is moving to fewer and larger farm and ranch units all over Montana. Numerous farm auctions in recent years are probably largely due to this trend. In- sufficient profits in some farm and ranch operations may produce further problems in future years. If agriculture moves toward a non-subsidized operation, some activity, such as dry land farming, will cease unless more productive methods of fnrming these lands is found. One method would be to provide irrigation water for these lands where possible. 0000meR, poM" LeT ON ====================================== .:.:' Ralston Roundup The visitor from the furthest distam'e this week at the J. K. Ralston Museum and Art Center was from Afghanistan. Our guest book is becoming as interesting an item as many others we have there. We al welcomed a visit by From Pauline Bmby, Alums. grdo. New Mexico: I am 51 years old and my mother's father, Thomas Harris, served in the Confederate Army under Gen. Bedford Forrest. My mother, Mit- tie (Harris) Wright, was born Sept. 25. 1885. She is still living in Satellite Beach, Fla. She was born near Adamsville, Tenn.. where one of my sisters, Marie Rainas, still lives. Adamsville i$ also where n two sisters and I finished high hool. My grandfather Harriz died in 189'2, therefore 1 never knew him. My grandmother, Elizabeth Jane Harris, better known u Aunt Betty, lived until 14, dy- ing at the age of 94, I remember many things she told us of the days of the Civil War. Her fa- ther's name was Lilly and he owned the only cotton gin for miles around. She worked at the gin ss a young girl. I remember my grandmother telling that salt was so eare during the war that they would dig up the dirt from the floor of smokehouses and boil it in order to get salt to season their food, Adamsvflle is located ome twenty miles from Shiloh, or Pitthurg Landing, where the dead from the Confederete and Union armies are buried. R is now a national park. Th Old Timer. I 634', Frankfoi. gen. Mr. and Mrs. Doug Ferris of llelona on Monday. They had with them some of the collection of early day pictures of Sidney showing his families store here, also a part of their collection of letters and mementos of the time Doug's grandfather was a friend and business partner of Teddy I(ousevelt at Modern, N. D. The museum has been re- arranged just lately, perhaps you would like to see the changes. We invite you to see the water colors by Dave Torren( that are displayed in the gallery. Work is under way on the Art Center and schedules arc lx'ing completed for the art ('lasses to begin shortly. Winners of prizes at the fair booth sponsored by the Riehhmd County Republican Wonwn's Club included Kathy Abbey, 25 lb. Holly Sugar and flags were won by I,ar5' Sch- m;tz of Medicine I,ake. Esther tlundtofte and Russell Johnson at Sidney. Republican can- didatcs appearing at the booth included Oscar Kvaalen. Ed Smith, Hank Hibbard, Dick Forester, Sonny Hanson, Dr Olson, Gone Wood. James Mortenson, Thomas Hughes, Bob M(linnis, Alice Miller and Glenn Hugg. A registrar was available at the booth and many took advantage of the opportunity to register to vote. I(epublican Women hosted a ,'offt, for M. Ed Smith. wife of the Repul)liean guber- natorial candidate at the Strawpile on Aug. 9. Pesticide Business Up ByROBERTE. MILLER and already some 1,350 dif- net in Montana. than we predicted," Gary Montana Press Association The pesticide business in Montana is much larger than was anticipated when the present legislation was being considered, George I,ackman, state commissioner of agriculture, .says. The new law which went into effect in January, 1972, was exlv:ted to affect between 600 and 700 applicators. Already 650 have been licensed and this number is expected to increase to 1,200. The Pesticides Control Act covers dealers, applicators and operators, and the com- missioner may ban the use of specific pesticides, or restrict their use. Either by consent of ferent types are on the list. The number is expected to reach 3,000 eventually. Most of the reports of damage due to use of her- bicides are from such as 2-4-D where wind drift has carried the chemicals to areas not intended to he sprayed. After considerable con- troversy during consideration of the legislation in the 1971 session, the I,egislature awarded administration of the act to the Department of Agriculture. The departments of Health and Fish and Game also must agree to the use of all pesticides registered under the In licensing of chemicals for use as pesticides, the state agency follows the lead of the federal government. Thus far only one pesticide has been refused registration and this is because it was not previously federally registered for use on sugar beets. Up to the present time the agency, which has an ad- ministrator, two field men and two secretaries, has con- centratcd its efforts on ad- ministering examinations and licensing dealers and ap- plicators. "More persons are dealing in pesticides and applying them (;engery, administrator, said. (;engery is a former pesticides specialist for the state health department. It had been predicted that revenue from licensing would be about $45,000 a year, but actual receipts come to about $70,000. No licenses have yet been revoked. Although insect repellents are technically covered by the law, the agency will ask the legislature to exempt them. lckman says that it makes little sense to license a mer- chant just because he is selling a mosquito or housefly repellent. the owner or warrant issued by  court, the department per- sonnel may enter private property for enforcement purpos. Iwkman ys that most of the problems o0ncerned with t,nforcement to (late have to do with herbicides rather than with insecticides. Every chemical ased as a pesticide must be registered Books On Western Americana Mike Mansfield. 79 pp. The Curtis Art Gallery. 1971. By BELVINA W. BERTINO THE BI,ACK MOCCASIN, by .John Tatsey, newspaper The late John Tatsey, Black- columnist and tribal feet tribal policeman, attained policeman. Compiled and national notice through his edited by Paul DeVore. In- down to earth newspaper troduction I)y U. S. Senator column of day to day hap- POLLUTION penings at Heart Butte, and Indian settlement on the Black- feet Reservation near Browning, Mont. The book, THE BI,ACK MOCCASIN, is a collection of some of these columns which were published in the weekly Glacier Reporter at Browning, and of tape recordings of the Indian ver- sion of tribal names, legends and rituals. Tatsey was a veteran storyteller and his column reflects his natural sense of humor, his keen understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of his people in the settlement. His column is now considered a collector's item for its unpretentious portrayal of Indian life. The column material and tape recordings are verbatim as Tatsey wrote and told them. The pen line sketches are by Albert Racine, Blackfeet artist and sculptor, and the nine : fullpagc color photos, including : the excellent portrait of Tatsey e e (,n the soft cover of the book, ee and other black and white e* photos are by Wayne Curtis, : portrait artist. . l)cVor(, is a former Montana e e m,wspaperman. A graduate in iournalism from the University ,I Montana, he served on the ,.ditorial staffs of the Helena independent and (:reat Falls Tribune. and as associate editor of the Montana Farmer - Stockman. Since 1940 he has t,een erlgagcd in arieultural .j(tn'n;tlisni "work In St. i'aui and Watering Hole Politicians And Paper People By RUSS WELLS Politicians and newspaper people were the order over the weekend as several from the Herald staff ventured to Miles City for the an- nual Montana Press Association Convention. Major state politicians were there to give a three-hour session on their ideas and "if elected" plans. One interesting speaker at the gathering waS Hal Boyle, Associated Press columnist. Boyle, a Pulltser Prize winning reporter, writes a column called "The Brighter Side" which aP- pears daily in many Montana papers. W. H. Hornby, executive editor of the Denver Post, also gave a talk urging Montana papers to take stronger stands on issues, candidates and situations. Several Sidney Kiwanians were also at a state tnvention in Bozeman over the weekend. The state Kiwanis gathering will come to Sidney next August. Another state meeting is headed for Sidney in just a few weeks. Some 300 Jaycees and Jayceens will converge on Sidney for the State Fall Board meeting Sept. 8 - 10. Several other events are planned in the area in the next weeks including the Fairview Tractor Pull Contest Aug. 27, Alexander Old Settler's Day Sept. 2, Culhertson Wagon Train Sept. 3 - 4, Jaycee Demolition Derby Sept. 4 and Sidney Eagle Football at Williston Sept. 8. MARRIAGE Is an institution held together by two books -- Cook and Check. (From Sidney Jayceen newsletter.) Way Back Ivnen . AUGUST 7,15 There was a small fire started in Stewarts feed burn Monday morning. The alarm was quickly spread and it did not take long before the bucket brigade was on the scene and extinguished the blaze in short order. H. Edwin Peterson was the man on the end of the pump handle and he is sure there when it comes to armstrong work. Dr. Morril reports a new boy at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Ellinger and a new girl at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Quilling. R. I,. Wyman, clerk and rcorder for Dawson county, was in this end of the valley over Sunday. AUGUST 27, I135 The Charley Creek baseball team took a picnic dinner to Dreamland Sunday and played the Dreamland team, winning 14 to 13. They had a very pleasant day and also called on Helmer Smiles in Fairview and were glad to find Helmer im- proving in health. Telegraph greetings received by boy friends from Bill Johnson from the top of Pike's Peak indicate that the George # a Johnson's are nearing Bill has kept his friends on his whereabouts leaving Sidney several ago to take in the I.,xposition at Dallas, .nding messages fron of note. Frank I,indmeyer this week from Delphig, south of Roundup, his farm interests river on Smith creek Skaar. He reports extremely bad in the district. All livestock are shipped out of the account of the feed AUGUST 22, 1957 .Ioyce Swenson ('hristianson, l,orna Sharon Anderson, (lerson, Judy Sandra Stolzenburg the music camp in July 29 to Aug. 9. Iren Sax is in footb0.11 lineup for State College. A surprise linen given for Dorothy evening Aug. 16, Walt Mende. She many beautiful gifts. plans to be married CHAM BER NEWS and VIEWS By TIM ZENT SAFETY Now that school is ready to begin, there will be children crossing streets, and many children riding bicycles. As motorists, you are urged to he on the lookout for the children's safety. Parents are also urged to instruct their children on rules and regulations on crossing the streets and riding bicycles to school. POLITICS With the Republican Con- vention being held this week, it brings to an end the con- ventions for another four years. - This is just the beginning for l'resident Nixon and George Mc;overn. They both will be on the campaign trail from now until election time. All citizens should listen to both sides of the issue with an open mind, and make a decision based on facts not just high ideas. Businessmen are actively support didates at the local level also. For priV terprise to continue, the support of all not just a few. You support the candidate choice. 00000@0000Oi,00000OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO@ THE SIDNEY I'RALD A ien Russell Wens, Publisher Don Mraehek, Editor Vlrg Boehler, Production Supt. Dennis Benth, Advertising Manager Offical Newspeper of Richland County, Mont. PubliSNml every Wednesday at Sidney, Montana. Business Office: |2 North Central Ave. 59270 Subscriptio'Rates .00 r year in Richland, Dawson, @ Roosevelt and :Kenzie Counties $.$0 Elsewhere in Montana $8.00 Outside State $9.50 in Foreign Countries. Servicemen Anywhere $$.00 ( 15 Cents for Single Copies Second class postage paid et Sidney, Montana 59270 : N L :. NE N/A00 E . . r-oun INS K.r ----1 1500000000000600000000000000000000000