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Sidney Herald
Sidney , Montana
August 16, 1972     Sidney Herald
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August 16, 1972

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L /,i J I i i I [ [ i I L Series On Comprehensive Study Economy of The LABOR FORCE " The civilian work force in Richland County in 191 averaged 2,953 persons, a little over 50 percent of the/mlation between 15 to 64 years o age. For Montana, the civilian work fore was 56 percent of this age group and nationally equa|ed 57 percent. The lower figure for Pdchland County is primarily due to the large number' of retired persons living in the area and the proportionately fewer number of people in the younger employable age group The total number of persons employed in the county equals thirty percent of the total population of the county. EMPLOYMENT Agriculture accounts for 29 percent of the jobs in Richland Coimty. The county is nearly twice as dependent on agriculture for em- ployment as the State as a whole where 15 percent of all workers are employed in agriculture. Retail trade provides nearly 20 percent of The Northern Plains Soft and Water Research Center accounts for over one-fourth of the Federal jobs in the county. Other major Federal employment is found in the Soil Conservation Service, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, and the Post Office. The remainder of govern- ment jobs are In State, City, School and County functions which employ about 14 percent of all workers in the county. Professional and non-professional services provide nearly 11 percent of the county's employment. This is very near the State level, which.averages 12 percent. Manufacturing is a major source of jobs in the county, providing between 7 and 8 percent of the area's employment. Over half of this is accounted for at the Holly Sugar factory, but dairies, meat packing, and other activities are also significant. Siatewide, manufac- turing contributes about 9 percent of the jobs. Contract construction, transportation, finance, insurance and real estate together tl' jobs in the county, which is considerably more than the 16 percent average for the state. Hence, Sidney and ttichland County's position as a retail trade center for the surrounding area is very hnportant to the area's overall economy and is a major point to csider as a factor contributing to future economic growth. Seventeen percent of the area's jobs are provided by Federal, State, and lcal government. Federal employment represents 2.7 percent of the total labor force in Richland County compared to 5.4 percent statewide. account for 10 percent of the employed labor force in Richland County, compared to 16 peroent of the total State employment. Wholesale trade comprises a little more than 4 percent of the employment in Richland County and 4.5 percent in the State. Employment in agricultural services and mining contribute 2.7 percent of the jobs in the county, which is nearly one percent greater than the State average. Following isa chart showing the percent of the total labor force in the County Employed in the various areas. Type of Employment (1968 Data) 1. Agriculture 2. Retail trade 3. Government & Schools 4. Percent of Total Labor Force b I0 15 20-"'25 30 , i , ill [ IlIllliliilIBIIIlilIilIIIIlIIlIillIlll [ l I : Ii1111111111111111111111100 ,, , I .. | lllllllllllIIlllllllll i i i Professional & non- i professional i | 5. Manufacturino llllllllli [ i I i 6. Wholesale trade i [ :" ' i ! 7. Transportation & i : |i other public uttl. : , : i 8. Finance, insurance I : & real estate ] i . : | ! : ; A, rea MIGRANT WORKERS In addition to the resident labor force, migrant workers have been extensively used in past years for thinning sugar beet crops and later for harvesting. In 1964, 2,100 migrant workers were used in the area. The use of more mechanical thinning and picking equipment has lead to a steady decrease in the number of migrant laborers. In 1971, only 610 were used. A further decrease in these workers is expected. The need for this migrant farm labor may disappear in the coming ten to twenty years. FUTURE JOBS NEEDED Population projections discussed in Part 4 indicate a projected growth during the next twenty years of 700 people. With 30 percent of the population working, it appears that over ten new jobs will be needed each year just to accommodate expected growth. It would be desireable if most of these new employment sources were geared to high school, college, fully employ the present labor force. Even greater employment growth would be desirable to reduce the out-migration from the area. Further processing of agricultural products locally and expanded retail trade in the surrounding counties are two areas where opportunity for development of new jobs exists. Additional manufacturing using coal in the area could likewise provide added jobs. This could be either in the form of added power and gas production or in the manufacture of coal by-products. PERSONAl. INCOME Total personal income in Montana was 2 , billion dollars in Ig68, which equaled $2,942 per capita. Richland County's total personal income in 1968 was 24.2 million dollars or $2,343 per capita. This amounted to 80 percent of the average per capita income for Montana and about 68 percent of the United States average. The per capita income in Richland County has risen from 78 percent of the and Vo-Tech graduates. Additional jobs will State's in 1950 to 80 percent in 1968. The chart shows a comparison of Average Per Capita Income for the United States, Montana and Richland County. The average 1968 per capita income in Sheridan, Roosevelt, Dawson, Wibaux, Fallen and Carter Counties was studied.. Average Per Capmta Income *3,500 * a,4z5 1968 3,000 $2,942 2,500 $2.343 79. % OF STATE AVE. also be needed to reduce existing unem- ployment so a net increase in jobs of perhaps 25 per year will be desireable. Over 125 new jobs will be needed in the next five years and over 250 in the next ten years to achieve the moderate growth contemplated and to more 2,000 I, 500 1.000 U S. Mont|no 500 It is disappointing to note that the average per capita income lathe 0ther six most' easterly Montana counties was about $2,830 in 1968 and four of these six counties had mean incomes substantially higher than Richland County. A large part of the county's lower iiiiiiiii ii ii!iii!ii!!ii!i Richland County persons on small fixed incomes. However, every effort is needed to improve the conomic situation of the area and provide more higher paying jobs. Watering Hole Annual Fair To ugh Job By RUSS WELLS Another annual Richland County Fair closed ca,.. Saturday evening with a very large crowd ab I  tending the final day's activities. ! ' Putting on an event that appeals to everyone in  our area is a tough job and has created many :| i controversies. Many people were disappointed in | ex, the midway show and several other facets ot fair. Other objections were voiced on holding  |  fair for four days instead of three with no at. ! Joan ternoon shows. r The Fair Board and Fair Manager Doff seine I " Bosshard have been trying to make changes for the better in the fair setup, bul changes take tLme and some simply don't work.  A community has to work together to make a  better fair. Make your wishes known tfair; I! people who make the decisions on the o o Aus They're trying to make__it bigger and better, li ' The Sidney swimmers and divers went all out  again to take their respective state crowns at the cv'e Montana meet held in Lewistown over the - weekend. This is the eighth consecutive year the local swimmers have brought home the state title. . - .. The state trophy is a real tribute to the young I r  people of our community and I m sure Sidney I / residents are real proud of the effort. I Our staff tried to get pictures of all the win:. ! i! ners, but vacations and activities before sch I " starts made it impossible to get the whole cre !  together I The Herakrs annual Back To School section iS in this week's edition. I Trends, tips and items for back to school I buying are featured in the section. Several local I youths served as models for the edition. Sidney I . merchants carry a full line of back to school / merchandise and welcome customers from i throughout / -'::','$..::..-e..: ....  _: v ,   _. t .':...:i:.::.':..:: .,; .>.::.::.:.:::::.:.T:.q.::::::&..::.\>.k::.:..% . Way Back When..,, AUCAIrI6,  They have been diJ,. ; Mr. and Mrs. Clarence summer here at the  income figure can be attr!.talted Shellenharger, Mr. and Mrs. I, to .. ..... C. Sieseland son, Howard; Mr. Mrs. Ole Ie, relatively .,sizeable i population' of reurea ....  and Mrs. John Erickson, Mr. * Community.' They and Mrs. I, J. Crippen and Clifford and Lorraine Moody of Savage. family at Whitefish. [ Sidney H erald Mailbag--I, Preda tor Pro blem changed, if the people of the town demand that something be done. It is only in group action that the problems of this majority - rule society can be solved. We must, as the ad- vertisement goes, "scream bloody murder." I've made my voice heard now, and I'm willing to do everything I can to make Sidney better. Anyone else care to lend a hand? lat's get some action. Tim Pfau I Dear Editor, In response to your request for complaints of bad roads we certainly llave one. We lmve lived on a ranch on tle south bottom of the Missouri river, south of Culhertson, 12 miles west of Highway 16, for 35 years. l)uring that time little im- provement has been made on the 12 nflles of dirt.road. The sparsely sprinkled scoria has now vanished so during the spring thaw and after every rain the road is practically impassable. This presents problems for the "mudded in" rancher who desires to take care of business and repair work that he hasn't time for otherwise. Its also unpleasant to be out when a hard rain comes and have to walk in part way. We have a creek to cross that has only a small culvert: Often it can't be crossed and we are completely trapped. Quite a problem if it suddenly rises when we are on the other side and this has happened. I,ast fall the weeds weren't cut along the sides of the road making ideal conditions for snow to lodge, contributing muddy roads in the spring. Wc Imve no rural school. Our son ires a daughter to start this fall. No bus will route this way because they won't drive on these roads. The parents will have to take her to town Washington, D. C., last week to testify before a Congressional committee which is considering a bill to make into law the presidential ban on 1680. Smith testified that the sheep industry and the grain industry use less than 10 per cent of the total production of 1680, the greatest usage being in urban areas where rats are a problem. Smith is trying to get Congress to look at the problem of the rancher, rather than accepting without argument the assertions of en- knowing she will have to be absent too much. Aren't people entitled to something for the taxes they pay? Roosevelt and Dawson counties have almost all side roads graveled and their commissioners insist they are cheaper to maintain. I suggest the county com- missioners drive out right after a hard rain or during one and I'm sure they would find time and money someway to make the road passable. Sincerely, Mrs. Don Birch Culbertson, Mont. By ROBERT E. MILLER Montana Press Association Montana ranchers see the predator problem, principally coyotes, becoming more serious and they see the end of the sheep industry in the west unless something is done. One of the principal issues is the use of the poison 1080, which in the past has allowed some measure of control. But the use of this has been banned by the federal government. David Smith, secretary of the Montana Wool Growers Association, was in THE MUSIC GOES ROUND AND ROUND vironmentalists that the coyote is near extinction and must be saved. The danger in the use of II, he says, is putting the chemical into inexperienced hands. He favors its use only by persons who are experienced. Mons Teigen, secretary of the Montana Stockgrowers Association, not only agrees with Smith, but he goes farther. Teigenforesees the time when bootlegging could develop in poisons. "Those needing it will find a way to use it," he declared. "It is not true that the ranchers want to exterminate the predators. We want to use the poisons and we want competent people to do it. Also, we want the poisons used selectively, to kill only the actual predators and not the potential predators. We don't believe it is possible to exterminate coyotes. But we should be able to raise our livestock, educate our children and have .something to eat on the table." The opinion of the two association officials was echoed and reinforced by ranchers who were interviewed recently. John Ryan of Garfield County says that sheep owners are desperately seeking a sub- stitutc for 1080 since the presidential ban was imposed. Helicopters work well in rough country, but they are too ex- pensive. Hc reports that as the use (,f 1080 began to taper off, e the predations by coyotes in. creased. Its loss poses the worst threat to the sheep in- dustry in his memory, he says. , Ralph Dreyer of McCone County reporL coyotes taking lambs this year for file first time in three or four years, and he adds that continued predation will forc him to quit the sheep imlustry and perhaps turn to raising cattle. Gene Itcaina, who ranches near the I.ittle Rockies, reports that coyotes killed 10 per cent of his 6,000 lambs born thisspring. Dear Editor, Ru:s WelLs deserves to be cmmended on his recent at- tack on the police force of Sidney. One thing though, his cm.ments were so vague as to be passed off as nothing by the elements to which it was directed. I realize his position, but what is wrong with printing the truth exactly as one sees it? Our police department is a plague that is tearing the town apart. The recent rise in crime .shows that. The young, thanks to our noble men in blue, have decided that the estabRshrnent is a big joke, and have just thrown off the fetters of law and order and run rampant. Those that managed to get away with the recent break-ins are un- o'erned by the fact that the Sidney police is investigating the incidents. The only way thata system of democratic law and order can work is ff the people have a mutual trust and respect for the representatives of the "establishment." Through severalincidents, which I won't bother to enumerate here, since they are common knowledge among the members of under - 21 set, the Sidney police force has turned itself into a laughingstock and made law and order one big joke. I am 17, and believe that Sidney is a great town I am proud of Sidney, and would like to see it grow and have a long, prosperous future. But the only way that Sidney will grow is ff it attracts the young, and is an example of law and order. Law and order can not be main- tained with the current police force, and the only reason the young come to Sidney is to "get away with something." As the young grow up, and look for a place in society, they wW move away to a place where the police know what they are doing, and can insure them and their Iamilles of a wholesome, peaceful environment. The outlook in Sidney can be Crippen observed their first Mrs. Viola Taasevig] wedding anniversary Sunday at Kenneth is employed I I a picnic at Vaux's grove. Bill Hayden plans  Among those present were the this week for Portla( lee Crlppen family of Cottage where the family may Grove, Minn.; the Alfred and later. J Ervin Bahls families of Mr. and Mrs. t;.' Lambert, Mrs. Berth, Cottage McGinnis and fami.lY Grove; Mr. and Mrs. visiting in Kalispell thisil They plan on visiting Mrs. ()le lee, formexlY I Comnqunity.' They will I spend some time with 1'[ Mrs.' Albert McGinn I" B. W. Finnlcum, republican nominee for the office of sheriff of Richland County, was a Sidney visitor Monday from the Andes community where he has resided and farmed for a number of years. County Commissioner Frank Comegys was in attendance at a meeting with the state high- way commission at Bismarck the past week. AUGUST Z, Ig Kenneth Taasevigen has accepted a position as teacher in the Medicine Lake school system for the coming year. AUGUST 18,1967 Mr. and Mrs. William and Mavis spent last ' at the Flat Head Lake their son, Bill, and fa. Boseman were vacati0! their cottage. Tom Quilling, High School athlete, catehei- for the Hawk team of Great Falls Mrs. Kay Adams Mary Hardy were a prenuptial shower Mary Anne Mercer at Scout Cabin. She married Aug. 26. CHAMBER NEWS and VIEWS WELCOME SHOPPEJ md the' hool to begi'::i sopping |" by t e SidneY j| all shoPP 55th ANNUAL FAIR With another Richland County Fair coming to a close, a special thank you to the fair board and everyone who worked hard to make the 55th fair a success. Ruth Jensen from Williston, N. D., was the winner of the $25 savings bond given away by the Chamber of Commerce. WELCOME - NEW With the and fall just around the back to school spree is about to back to school shopping: be in full swing by the this week. The Sidney chants welcome stop and look over the. merchandise. Also the Chamber of Corn ti welcomes all shoppe6 TEACHERS Sidney. With school just around the If yu have any corner, the Education Council. about the store hours or, '. of the Sidney Chamber of please contactthe Cha, ff Commerce, under the chair- j Commer office. manship of Jim Wood, will be sponsoring a New Teacher I ncheon and Tour on Aug. 2i to welcome new teachers to Sidney. OeOOeoooeooooooeooooooooooooooooooooOO O@e THE SIDNEY HERALD A Cormron RUssell Wells, Publisher Don Mraehek, Editor o Virg Boelder, Production Supt. Dennis Benth, Advertising Manager Offical NewSllr of R ichland County, Mont. PublisheO every Wednesday at Sidney, Montane. Business Office: 121 North Central Ave. 59270 SubsCription Rates f.00 per year in RichJsnd, Dawson, Roosevelt end McKenzle Counties $6.50 ElHwhere In Montana. $8.00 Outside State ) S9.50 in Foreign COuntries - Servicemen Anywhere LS.O0 15 Cents for Single Copies SecOnd ls,ts itale ilid at Sidney, Montane $9270 : N L . Fomi Im " # qeooooooooeeoooooooooeeoooooeeeoee,-eeeeee