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Sidney , Montana
June 2, 2019     Sidney Herald
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June 2, 2019

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A6 SIDNEY HERALD,SUNDAY,JUNE 2. 20l9 AG NEWS Trade aid will be similar, but not the same BY RENEE JEAN rjean@wi| Trade aid for agriculture this time around will be similar to trade aid last time, but with a key difference. A single rate of payment will be figured for each county based on the trade damage it has experienced for covered crops. Each producer in that county will receive a payment based on that blended estimate of damage and the number of acres planted. But don‘t think of the trade aid as a market loss payment. it’s a market facilitation payment. Even though the words "trade damage” are as common as pepper throughout press conferences and media releases explaining the package. "The model we used to develop the trade damages is the same model as we used last year,” explained Undersecretary Rob Johansson. "We are comparing the difference in trade with the tariffs on our exports as to trade without those tariffs. But we are looking back a number of years, to look at what China has purchased from us in the past, and we are bringing that into our baseline for applying those tariffs." That expanded scope brought the numbers for this round of trade aid to $16 billion. Last time, the total was $12 billion. As before, the $16 billion is being put into three different programs. There will be $14.5 billion in a market facilitation program, $1.4 billion for food pantry purchases and ‘distribution, and $100 million for trade promotion. The market facilitation program will make direct payments to producers via FSA offices around the country, and is itself divided into three buckets, specialty crops, non- specialty crops, and pork and dairy producers. For non—specialty crops, payments will be determined for individual counties based on the number of acres in‘these crops: Alfalfa, hay, barley, canola, corn, dried peas, cotton, flax seed, lentils, long and medium grain rice, mustard seeds, oats, peanuts, rape seed, safflower, sesame seed, small and large chickpea, sorghum, soybean, sunflower seeds, Japonica rice, upland cotton and wheat. “Rob and his team have gone through to look at the trade damage each county is feeling, and then we come up and divide that by the acres planted within that county,” Undersecretary of Agriculture Bill Northey said. This should avoid swaying planting decisions, he added. Specialty crops that will be covered this time are tree nuts, sweet cherry, cranberry and grape. Those growers will receive payments based on their acres of production. "They won’t have a blended rate like we talked about in the first, non-specialty category," Northey said. "It will be based on the impact to that commodity, times the acres of production.” Rates for dairy and pork are not being announced yet. The MFP payments will be divided into three installments. The first is coming out in July or August, just after the number of planted acres are tallied. The second payment 2 their ‘ for storage, or look at will likely be late fall ory November, and the third in 2020 — if the latter two are made. "We hope to have a trade agreement well before those second and third payments are made,” Northey said. “We know we will make the first payment. The second and third depend on if we still have trade damages to our producers." Northey acknowledged that the amount of the payments won't come close to covering the damage done to the agriculture sector. "These payments are not designed to be a market loss payment,” he said. "They are a market facilitation payment. It’s not going to perfectly reflect what some producers feel the loss of these markets have been.” The funds are intended to help producers extend marketing, pay other flexibilities to carry them through to a trade agreement. The exact payment rates and other details of the trade aid programs will all go through the usual rule—making process involving the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. For the food purchase program, like last time, commodities affected by trade retaliation will be purchased and distributed to USDA food banks, schools, and other entities that help low income families. The purchases will be done in phases, to accommodate the capacity of food banks, as well as to ensure that a variety of products are available for an extended period of time. The trade promotion money will be targeted to missions that either re- establish existing trade or develop new markets. Funds for the tariff program will come from revenues collected by the US. Customs and Border Protection. When the United States imposes a tariff on a product, the duty is paid at the border, generally by a U.S. broker representing a U.S. importer. The cost of small tariffs are sometimes absorbed into the margins of the importer, but in the case of large tariffs like the ones now in play, the costs are generally passed on to the consumers who purchase the products — unless they can find suitable substitutes. Tariffs thus do affect the bottom line of domestic consumers. A study by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York along with Princeton University and Columbia University estimated the recent tariffs will have reduced U.S. real income by $1.4 billion per month by the end of 2018. NRCS Montana accepting applications for Conservation Innovation Grants USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service a c c e pt in g applications for grants until July ,1,,2019,,to, fund Montana, projects thatficou1d stimiil’ate the development and adoption of innovative conservation approaches technologies. (NRCS) is and Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) generally fund pilot projects, field demonstrations and on-farm conservationrsssa ' Tom, Watson, x‘ state c0nservationist for Montana, said $225,000 is available for the state- component CIG this year. He rch. ,.V,NRC,S,U said applicants can request up to $75,000 for projects lasting one to three years. Watson said projects should address one or marearniérthree g V con‘cérhs 'ideiitified for this program: soil health, water quality and quantity, and range health. All projects need to result in technology or methods that can be used to augment agency technical guidance; _with> an under/standing 'of l "I "NRCS 'practic‘,e"standards,i "website by’d‘p'jrii‘Mountain Time, July 1. In addition, a PDF of the complete application must be emailed to pertinent assessment tools, and planning criteria. Information about CIG and the application process is be designed available online at grants. gov. Applications must be submitted electronically through‘tlt'e‘f“grantSi'gOV‘ ,wyll. ,‘ DNRC remindenjust four Weeks left to file exempt water right claims- Montana Department of Natural Resourc- es and Conservation (DNRC) would like to remind water right owners that the dead- line for filing a Claim on exempt water rights is June 30 — just four weeks away. The 2017 Montana Legislature created the opportunity for owners of exempt water rights to file claims when it passed HB 110. Since the filing period began on May 7, 2017, DNRC Director John Tubbs said the Department has received more than 7,000 exempt claim filings. An exempt water right is defined as a water right that was in existence before July 1, 1973. Water rights in this time period were exempted from two pre- vious mandatory filing periods that took place in 1982 and 1996. Ex- empt water rights are for livestock and indi- vidual domestic uses based upon instream flows or groundwa- ter sources only. They do not include rights for irrigation, divert- ed stock water from ditches or reservoirs, or commercial and mu- nicipal wells. Tubbs urged water right owners not to miss this opportunity to file their claims. “If you don’t file your Rau Elementary School’s Student of the Quarter 53 limit} in today (if visit us online at Rau Elementary School is proud to announce Koltyn Mullin, son of Darin and Christine Mullin, as their Student of the Quarter. He is a very thoughtful, helpful, and hardworking student. Koltyn does everything to the best of his abilities and is a great role model for his fellow students. He has worked diligently this year in and outside of the classroom. Koltyn is responsible, respectful, and is always happy to help peers and teachers alike. Koltyn goes above and beyond, and is willing to tacklgthe “hard jobs” around the school, such as, shoveling snow. He is polite to everyone and follows the rules in the classroom, lunchroom, and on the playground. In his spare time, Koltyn enjoys hunting, fishing, and having fun with friends. ‘ 3 claim, your water right will not be enforceable against any filed water rights, including water rights that are junior in priority,” he said. “Filing ensures pro- tection for your water righ Exempt water right claim forms are avail- able at any DNRC re— Great Insurance and a Great Value. . Michele Home, Agent 216 S Central Avenue Suite 13 Sidney. MT 59270 111517 @Strn lulizill “grills Please stop by and say, “Hi!” I'm looking forward to sewing your needs for insurance and financial services. Bus: 4064832400 . Like a good neighbor, michele®herresinsurancecom State Farm Is there! CALL ME TODAY. &$tateFarmr tcauwutpltaw e TEEN CAMP June (std-81h Enterlng 9~12 Grade Registration Mon 9-11 am Camp ends Sat. Noon $150 JR til CAM? June 10th-15th ,. Entering 7»8 Grade fiéglstration Mon 9211 am " 999 m’ r fcamp ds Sat. Noon gional office, the Mon- tana Water Court, or online at http://dnrc. water/adjudication/ hb-110-exempt-claim— filing. The cost "to file an exempt claim is $130.00, with a cap of $1,560.00, or 12 claims per water division. All claims beyond 12 for a single o'wner within a‘ single water division have no additional fil- ing fees. . Exempt water right owners who-filed their claims prior to April 30, 1982, or during the late filing period that ended on June 30, 1996, do not need to update their claims. * Michelle Hernandei MASSAGE THERAPY 1M1 406.433.4757 yellowslonemnssuge@gmoil.(oni marginal-o... Jiiilil‘ifi (mid? June 17th—21st Entering 5-6 Grade '_ Registration Mon 9—11 am Camp ends Fri. 12 noon $1 Pifll‘iifliii CAMP June 24th-June 28th Entering 3-4 Grade ‘lstration Mon 9-11 am Camp ends Fri. 12 men I $135 inrth sues DAY cAMP. Tues. July 16th Entering 1-2 Grade Registration Mon 9 am Camp ends after supper 5:30 pm $50 "Parent may accompany child $10 ‘1!